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如何成功安装Mysql+Apache2+php5过程指南

[ 来源:互联网 | 时间:2007年09月14日 | 收藏本文 ] 【

学习PHP,首先得配置相应的环境,当然软件环境是首当其冲的了,由于PHP和Apache的配置较复杂,本文着重手把手教你如何成功安装Mysql+Apache2+php5及相关的基本配置.

下载下列文件至/usr/local/src/
Apache2.tar.gz
mysql-5.0.22.tar.gz
php-5.1.2.tar.gz
解压缩:
#tar xvzf Apache2.tar.gz
#tar xvzf mysql-5.0.22.tar.gz
#tar xvzf php-5.1.2.tar.gz
 
#cd ..        //在/usr/local/目录下创建文件夹
# mkdir apache
# mkdir mysql
# mkdir php
 
//Mysql安装过程
#cd ../mysql               //找到/usr/local/mysql文件夹
#groupadd mysql
#usseradd -g mysql mysql
 
#cd ../mysql-5.0.22       //找到/usr/local/src/mysql-5.0.22文件夹
#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --localstatedir=/var/lib/mysql/ --with-client-ldflags=-all-static --with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static --with-mysqld-user=mysql --enable-assembler --with-extra-charsets=all
#make ; make install
 
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db //初始化mysql
                     //对mysql进行配置
#chown –R root /usr/local/mysql
#chown –R mysql /var/lib/mysql/
#chgrp –R mysql /usr/local/mysql
#cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
 
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql &         //启动mysql
 
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin –u root –p password 123     //将密码改为123
enter password:
              
              //测试一下新密码
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql –u root –p mysql
enter password:                             //如果顺利的话就能进入mysql了.
      
                 
//Apache安装过程
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --enable-mods=shared=all --enable-module=so --disable-info
make
make install
 
apache安装过程中,遇到libiconv.so.2的问题,解决方法如下:
ln –sf /usr/local/lib/libiconv.so.2 /usr/lib/libiconv.so.2
 
//在窗口栏中敲入本机IP,如果出现著名的羽毛网页,就算成功了….
 
 
 
//Php安装过程
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --enable-calendar --with-openssl=/usr/ --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php
make
make install
cp /usr/local/src/php-5.1.2/php.ini-dist /usr/local/lib/php.ini
 
 
#cd usr/local/apache/conf
//然后打开httpd.conf在相应的地方进行修改
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
 
DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache/htdocs"
 
LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so
 
//把测试的.php文件放入/usr/local/apache/htdocs/,在窗口栏中如能打开页面,则大功告成了
//常见问题1:ERROR 2002: Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' (2)
//解决方法: 权限问题
chown -R mysql /var/lib/mysql/
//常见问题2:Warning: MySQL Connection Failed: Can't connect to local MySQL server
// through socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (111) in /home/httpd/html/show.php on line 9
//解决方法: 将/tmp/mysql.sock link 到 /var/lib/mysql 目录里即可:
linux# ln -s /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock /tmp/mysql.sock

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