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程序员参考 SQL语句导入导出大全

[ 来源:互联网 | 时间:2009年03月28日 | 收藏本文 ] 【

SQL语句导入导出大全
/******* 导出到excel
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell "bcp SettleDB.dbo.shanghu out c:\temp1.xls -c -q -S"GNETDATA/GNETDATA" -U"sa" -P"""
/*********** 导入Excel
SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( "Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0",
"Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0")...xactions
/*动态文件名
declare @fn varchar(20),@s varchar(1000)
set @fn = "c:\test.xls"
set @s ="""Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0"",
""Data Source=""+@fn+"";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0"""
set @s = "SELECT * FROM OpenDataSource ("+@s+")...sheet1$"
exec(@s)
*/
SELECT cast(cast(科目编号 as numeric(10,2)) as nvarchar(255))+" " 转换后的别名
FROM OpenDataSource( "Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0",
"Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0")...xactions
/********************** EXCEL导到远程SQL
insert OPENDATASOURCE(
"SQLOLEDB",
"Data Source=远程ip;User ID=sa;Password=密码"
).库名.dbo.表名 (列名1,列名2)
SELECT 列名1,列名2
FROM OpenDataSource( "Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0",
"Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0")...xactions

/** 导入文本文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell "bcp dbname..tablename in c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword"
/** 导出文本文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell "bcp dbname..tablename out c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword"

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell "bcp "Select * from dbname..tablename" queryout c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword"
导出到TXT文本,用逗号分开
exec master..xp_cmdshell "bcp "库名..表名" out "d:\tt.txt" -c -t ,-U sa -P password"

BULK INSERT 库名..表名
FROM "c:\test.txt"
WITH (
FIELDTERMINATOR = ";",
ROWTERMINATOR = "\n"
)

--/* dBase IV文件
select * from
OPENROWSET("MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0"
,"dBase IV;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\","select * from [客户资料4.dbf]")
--*/
--/* dBase III文件
select * from
OPENROWSET("MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0"
,"dBase III;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\","select * from [客户资料3.dbf]")
--*/
--/* FoxPro 数据库
select * from openrowset("MSDASQL",
"Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\",
"select * from [aa.DBF]")
--*/
/**************导入DBF文件****************/
select * from openrowset("MSDASQL",
"Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;
SourceDB=e:\VFP98\data;
SourceType=DBF",
"select * from customer where country != "USA" order by country")
go
/***************** 导出到DBF ***************/
如果要导出数据到已经生成结构(即现存的)FOXPRO表中,可以直接用下面的SQL语句
insert into openrowset("MSDASQL",
"Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\",
"select * from [aa.DBF]")
select * from 表
说明:
SourceDB=c:\ 指定foxpro表所在的文件夹
aa.DBF 指定foxpro表的文件名.


/*************导出到Access********************/
insert into openrowset("Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0",
"x:\A.mdb";"admin";"",A表) select * from 数据库名..B表
/*************导入Access********************/
insert into B表 selet * from openrowset("Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0",
"x:\A.mdb";"admin";"",A表)
文件名为参数
declare @fname varchar(20)
set @fname = "d:\test.mdb"
exec("SELECT a.* FROM opendatasource(""Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0"",
"""+@fname+""";""admin"";"""", topics) as a ")
SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( "Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0",
"Data Source="f:\northwind.mdb";Jet OLEDB:Database Password=123;User ID=Admin;Password=;")...产品
********************* 导入 xml 文件
DECLARE @idoc int
DECLARE @doc varchar(1000)
--sample XML document
SET @doc ="



Customer was very satisfied




Important
Happy Customer.




"
-- Create an internal representation of the XML document.
EXEC sp_xml_preparedocument @idoc OUTPUT, @doc
-- Execute a SELECT statement using OPENXML rowset provider.
SELECT *
FROM OPENXML (@idoc, "/root/Customer/Order", 1)
WITH (oid char(5),
amount float,
comment ntext "text()")
EXEC sp_xml_removedocument @idoc

???????
/**********************Excel导到Txt****************************************/
想用
select * into opendatasource(...) from opendatasource(...)
实现将一个Excel文件内容导入到一个文本文件
假设Excel中有两列,第一列为姓名,第二列为很行帐号(16位)
且银行帐号导出到文本文件后分两部分,前8位和后8位分开。

邹健:
如果要用你上面的语句插入的话,文本文件必须存在,而且有一行:姓名,银行账号1,银行账号2
然后就可以用下面的语句进行插入
注意文件名和目录根据你的实际情况进行修改.
insert into
opendatasource("MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0"
,"Text;HDR=Yes;DATABASE=C:\"
)...[aa#txt]
--,aa#txt)
--*/
select 姓名,银行账号1=left(银行账号,8),银行账号2=right(银行账号,8)
from
opendatasource("MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0"
,"Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:\a.xls"
--,Sheet1$)
)...[Sheet1$]

如果你想直接插入并生成文本文件,就要用bcp
declare @sql varchar(8000),@tbname varchar(50)
--首先将excel表内容导入到一个全局临时表
select @tbname="[##temp"+cast(newid() as varchar(40))+"]"
,@sql="select 姓名,银行账号1=left(银行账号,8),银行账号2=right(银行账号,8)
into "+@tbname+" from
opendatasource(""MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0""
,""Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:\a.xls""
)...[Sheet1$]"
exec(@sql)
--然后用bcp从全局临时表导出到文本文件
set @sql="bcp ""+@tbname+"" out "c:\aa.txt" /S"(local)" /P"" /c"
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
--删除临时表
exec("drop table "+@tbname)

/********************导整个数据库*********************************************/
用bcp实现的存储过程

/*
实现数据导入/导出的存储过程
根据不同的参数,可以实现导入/导出整个数据库/单个表
调用示例:
--导出调用示例
----导出单个表
exec file2table "zj","","","xzkh_sa..地区资料","c:\zj.txt",1
----导出整个数据库
exec file2table "zj","","","xzkh_sa","C:\docman",1
--导入调用示例
----导入单个表
exec file2table "zj","","","xzkh_sa..地区资料","c:\zj.txt",0
----导入整个数据库
exec file2table "zj","","","xzkh_sa","C:\docman",0
*/
if exists(select 1 from sysobjects where name="File2Table" and objectproperty(id,"IsProcedure")=1)
drop procedure File2Table
go
create procedure File2Table
@servername varchar(200) --服务器名
,@username varchar(200) --用户名,如果用NT验证方式,则为空""
,@password varchar(200) --密码
,@tbname varchar(500) --数据库.dbo.表名,如果不指定:.dbo.表名,则导出数据库的所有用户表
,@filename varchar(1000) --导入/导出路径/文件名,如果@tbname参数指明是导出整个数据库,则这个参数是文件存放路径,文件名自动用表名.txt
,@isout bit --1为导出,0为导入
as
declare @sql varchar(8000)
if @tbname like "%.%.%" --如果指定了表名,则直接导出单个表
begin
set @sql="bcp "+@tbname
+case when @isout=1 then " out " else " in " end
+" ""+@filename+"" /w"
+" /S "+@servername
+case when isnull(@username,"")="" then "" else " /U "+@username end
+" /P "+isnull(@password,"")
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
end
else
begin --导出整个数据库,定义游标,取出所有的用户表
declare @m_tbname varchar(250)
if right(@filename,1)<>"\" set @filename=@filename+"\"
set @m_tbname="declare #tb cursor for select name from "+@tbname+"..sysobjects where xtype=""U"""
exec(@m_tbname)
open #tb
fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname
while @@fetch_status=0
begin
set @sql="bcp "+@tbname+".."+@m_tbname
+case when @isout=1 then " out " else " in " end
+" ""+@filename+@m_tbname+".txt " /w"
+" /S "+@servername
+case when isnull(@username,"")="" then "" else " /U "+@username end
+" /P "+isnull(@password,"")
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname
end
close #tb
deallocate #tb
end
go

/************* Oracle **************/
EXEC sp_addlinkedserver "OracleSvr",
"Oracle 7.3",
"MSDAORA",
"ORCLDB"
GO
delete from openquery(mailser,"select * from yulin")
select * from openquery(mailser,"select * from yulin")
update openquery(mailser,"select * from yulin where id=15")set disorder=555,catago=888
insert into openquery(mailser,"select disorder,catago from yulin")values(333,777)

补充:
对于用bcp导出,是没有字段名的.
用openrowset导出,需要事先建好表.
用openrowset导入,除ACCESS及EXCEL外,均不支持非本机数据导入

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